Photographer's Note

The ruins of the Temple of Apollo in the forum at Pompeii. I wish the modern metal fencing wasn't in view; otherwise, it would be just about perfect! The temple faces north, looking toward Vesuvius, which you can see in the background, looming silently. It's one of the structures adjacent to the forum. The worship of Apollo is attested since Pompeii's earliest origins, dating to about the sixth century BC, but this iteration dates to about the second century BC. It was once surrounded by tufa columns from nearby Nocera capped with Ionic capitals, and then stucco columns featuring Corinthian capitals painted in yellow, red and blue. It's situated at a slight angle to the rest of the forum, as it probably followed the course of an ancient street before the colonnade of Popidius was built, as it was remodeled several times. Around 10 BC, a high wall was built on the west side, which blocked it from view from the properties on that side, making it almost fully enclosed and isolated from surrounding structures. the entrance opens from the north side of the Via Marina onto this rectangular courtyard seen in the photos. This colonnade was originally two stories, but there are no remains of the upper colonnade, possibly because it was dismantled after the earthquake. It was then that the original Ionic columns were stuccoed to make them Corinthian, thus significantly altering the temple's appearance. The cella is set on a high podium, accessed by a rather steep staircase. There is also a white marble altar set on a travertine base, and a rather famous Ionic column featuring a sundial is found nearby. The cella is paved with a mosaic in green and white marble and slate. A small room on the north side of the courtyard was probably inhabited by permanent caretakers or priests. Several basins and statues were found in the courtyard, and several of the bases with inscribed names remain, although the statues have been removed. A replica of a statue of Apollo now stands on its original pedestal, seen here in the photo; unfortunately, this isn't the original one, which is possibly at the archaeological museum in Naples; most of the treasures which have been removed from the site are housed there. One of the most interesting features found here is the mensa ponderaria, a table with the town's official weights and measures.

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Additional Photos by Terez Anon (terez93) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 92 W: 78 N: 1270] (2186)
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