Photographer's Note

The German Fountain (in Turkish Alman Cesmesi) is a gazebo styled fountain in the northern end of old hippodrome (Sultanahmet Square), Istanbul, Turkey and across from the Mausoleum of Sultan Ahmed I. It was constructed to commemorate the second anniversary of German Emperor Wilhelm II's visit to Istanbul in 1898. It was built in Germany, then transported piece by piece and assembled in its current site in 1900. The neo-Byzantine style fountain's octagonal dome has eight marble columns, and dome's interior is covered with golden mosaics.

The German Government constructed the German Fountain for Wilhelm II and Empress Augusta's 1898 Istanbul visit. The fountain's plans were drawn by architect Spitta and constructed by architect Schoele, also German architect Carlitzik and Italian architect Joseph Anthony worked on this project.

The fountain's construction started in the Hejira 1319 (1898-1899), although inauguration of fountain was planned to take place on September 1, 1900 - the 25th anniversary of Abdlhamid II's ascension to the throne. Construction, however, could not finish at the planned time and it was instead inaugurated on January 27, 1901 which was Wilhelm II's birthdate. Marble, stone and gem parts of the fountain were constructed in Germany and transported piece by piece to Istanbul by ships.

The neo-Byzantine style octagonal fountain stood on a high floor, eight stairs, seven brass tap and over its reservoir there is a dome which has eight porphyry columns. Reservoir is standing on mosaic tiled platform and it is surrounded with bronze dome and carved marble. There are eight monograms in the stonework and they represent political union of Abdlhamid II and Wilhelm. There are eight medallion situated on archs that are between columns. In four of these medallions, Abdlhamid II's tughra is written on green background, and in other four Wilhelm's symbol "W" is written on Prussia blue background. Also, over "W" there is a crown and below it a "II" is written. Dome was surrounded with bronze circle, but unfortunately this circle was stolen. Exterior bronze green dome is standing over eight porphyry columns, and dome's interior is surface decorated with golden mosaics and again with Abdlhamid II's tughra and Wilhelm II's symbol.

The bronze inscription on reservoir, which was written in German, is "WILHELM II DEUTSCHER KAISER STIFTETE DIESEN BRUNNEN IN DANKBARER ERINNERUNG AN SEINEN BESUCH BEI SEINER MAJIESTAET DEM KAISER DER OSMANEN ABDUL HAMID II IM HERBST DES JAHRES 1898" meaning "German Kaiser Wilhelm II, who constructed this fountain in 1898 autumn, as a gratitude remembrance for his visit to Ottoman Sultan Abdlhamid II.

There is also an Ottoman inscription in the arch of fountain, Undersecretary of Seraskery Ahmet Muhtar Bey's eight couplet history verse is written by Hattat İzzet Efendi. In lines, fountain's construction for commemorating Wilhelm II's Istanbul visit is told.

İstanbulda Sultanahmet Meydanı`nda, Sultan I. Ahmed Trbesi`nin karşısında yer alan tarihi eşme. Alman İmparatoru II. Wilhelm'in Sultana ve İstanbula hediyesidir. Almanyada yapılıp 1901de İstanbuldaki yerine monte edilmiştir. Neo-Bizanten slbunda bir eşmedir; ierden altın mozaikle ssldr. Alman eşmesi, Trkiyeye kez gelen imparatorun 1898de istanbula ikinci kez gelişinin anısına ithaf edilmiştir.

Yapımına 1899da başlanan eşmenin 1 Eyll 1900de, Sultan II. Abdlhamidin 25. cls trenine yetiştirilmesi planlanmıştı. Ancak eşmenin inşası bu tarihe yetişmeyince. II. Wilhelmin doğum gn olan 27 Ocak1901de grkemli bir tren ile eşmenin aılışı gerekleşmiştir.

eşmenin planlarını Kaiserin zel danışmanı Mimar Spitta izmiş, yapımını Mimar Schoele stlenmiştir. Ayrıca Alman mimar Carlitzikle İtalyan Mimar Joseph Antony de bu projede alışmışlardır. Alman hkmeti nce hipodrom alanını dzenlemiş, meydanın ağalandırılması yapıldıktan sonra Almanyada hazırlanan eşme buradaki temeller zerine oturtulmuştur. Mermerleri ile değerli taşları Almanyada işlenmiş ve paralar halinde gemi ile İstanbula getirilmiştir.

Alman eşmesi, ne heykelli Avrupa eşmelerine, ne de Osmanlı meydan eşmelerine benzer. Yksek bir taban zerine oturtulmuş, sekizgen planlı bir yapıdır. Su haznesinin zerinde sekiz stunun taşıdığı bir kubbe yer alır. Stunları birbirine bağlayn kemerlerin zerindeki pandiflerde birer madalyon bulunur. Drdnn iinde yeşil zemine II. Abdlhamid tuğrası, diğer drdnn iinde Prusya mavisi zerine II. Wilhelmin simgesi olna W harfi altında II sayısı konulmuştur.

Koyu yeşil renkte kolonların taşıdığı grkemli bir kubbe ile rtl eşmenin tun kitabesinde Almanca olarak Alman Kaiseri Wilhelm II 1898 yılı sonbaharında Osmanlıların hkmdarı haşmetl Abdlhamid II nezdinde ziyaretinin şkran hatırası olarak bu eşmeyi yaptırdı yazmaktadır.

eşmede bir de Osmanlıca kitabe vardır. Bu kitabe Osmanlı Seraskerlik Dairesinden, aynı zamanda edebiyatı olan Ahmet Muhtar Paşanın beyiti sls yazıyla İzzet Efendi tarafından yazılmıştır

(Minor cropping from top and bottom from RAW Format. It had been brightened and sharpened)

(Was benefited for note guidelines from Wikipedia)

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