Photographer's Note

Athane's temple at Assos

Athane's temple at Assos is unique and of great archeological significanse, conce it is the only surviving building in the Doric style of veri ancient data.
The Temple rests on a two stepped foundation. This two stepped height takes the shape of a podium at the west end. The steps are 28cm height and a polygonal design in the from of a relief was elaborately made on the vertical parts of the steps.
The step where the columns of the building rested (stylobate) measures 30.31x14.3m. This inner structure consists of an ante-chamber (pronaos) and a sacred chamber (naos). The inner width of the ante-chamber is 6.65m. and its depth is 3.30m. There are two columns (in antis) between the walls (antee) at the entry. These columns are 91 cm in diameter and are Doric with 18 flutes. The entrance to the naos is through a door 1.65m. width. Perhaps this door had two folds. A mosaic decorated with zigzags and a meander motif made with black and white marble pieces was unearthed on the floor of the naos. The sacred chamber, where the cult statue of the Goddess stood on a base, was cleaned in 1881. The mosaic was made by placing stones into thin mortar. Unfortunately the mosaic is not in its original place
Today, a tracing of the naos wall, 66cm thick, drawn on the floor, can be seen. The wall stones were displaced and reused in other buildings at an unknown date.
Six columns on the short sides and 13 columns on the long sides surround the building externally forming a row. There are 34 columns in total. Today, 32 capitals have been found in good conditions. The others, brought back from the harbor and the village, from slopes and the walls of other buildings, have been collected in the Temple area. Most of the columns were broken and taken away. The ones that could be found in the vicinity have been used in the restoration of the Temple. The columns are 4.30m height without capitals, with capitals they reach 4.78m. The height of the columns is 1/3 of the width of the stylobate. The height of the drums, forming the shafts, varies between 60-140cm. The diameter of the bottom drum is 91cm and the one at the top, (i.e. under the capital) is 64cm. They have 16 flutes. The sharp edge between two flutes (arris) is perpendicular to the edge of the stylobate. Intercolumnar span, from one center to another is 2.61m on the narrow sides and 2.45m on the long sides. The space between the row of columns and the wall of the naos (pteroma) is quite wide (3.03m).

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