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La Santa e Insigne Cathedral-Magistral de los Santos Justo y Pastor is a cathedral church of Catholic worship dedicated to Saints Justo and Pastor. It is located in the central district of Alcal de Henares, in the Plaza de los Santos Nios.

The cathedral is the main temple of the diocese of Alcal de Henares, seat of the Bishop, as well as of the Cathedral Council.

It dates from 1514 and presents a marked Elizabethan Gothic style.

It is, together with the church of San Pedro de Leuven (Belgium), the only temple in the world that holds the title of Magisterial Church, which meant that all its canons were to be doctors in theology.

The Magisterial Cathedral of Saints Justo and Pastor, stands in what during the entire Middle Ages was the urban center of the town. With a concentric circular structure, the different streets that led to the gates of the walled enclosure started from this place. In addition to its status as a religious center, it was also the political and social center of Alcal. the houses of the Council were located in the area of the Plaza de Abajo and La Picota.

Its origin dates back to the martyrdom of Justo and Pastor, which occurred in this place at the beginning of the fourth century, since the cathedral stands on the place where according to tradition the martyrs Justo and Pastor were beheaded and buried. On previous buildings, starting in 1497, the current building by decision of Cardinal Cisneros began to be built in Gothic style, commissioning the work to the brothers Antn and Enrique Egas, assisted by the Complutense Pedro Gumiel. The Church has the dignity of the Cathedral reinstating the Complutense diocese in 1991. The Renaissance tower designed by Rodrigo Gil de Hontan stands out. Master since 1519 and Cathedral since 1991.

The herreriano cloister houses an interesting Interpretation Center, in addition to the important collection of gravestones of ancient canons. It also retains a reconstruction, from original pieces, of the Covarrubias Gate of the Archbishop's Palace.

The Museum is located in what were the Prelude and Chapter Hall. Among his pieces, the valuable collection of goldsmiths stands out, such as the Cisneros chalice, the reconstruction of the Gothic sepulcher of Archbishop Carrillo de Acua or the Flemish triptych of the Adoration of the Magi.

You can also visit the tower that retains an interior staircase of great beauty and offers a spectacular panoramic view of the historic city center.

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La Santa e Insigne Catedral-Magistral de los Santos Justo y Pastor es una iglesia catedralicia de culto catlico dedicada a los Santos Justo y Pastor. Est situada en el distrito centro de Alcal de Henares, en la plaza de los Santos Nios.

La catedral es el principal templo de la dicesis de Alcal de Henares, sede del Obispo, as como del Cabildo catedralicio.

Data de 1514 y presenta un marcado estilo gtico isabelino.

Es, junto con la iglesia de San Pedro de Lovaina (Blgica), el nico templo en el mundo que posee el ttulo de Iglesia Magistral, lo que supona que todos sus cannigos deban ser doctores en teologa.

La Catedral Magistral de los Santos Justo y Pastor, se alza en lo que durante toda la Baja Edad Media fue el centro urbano de la villa. Con una estructura circular concntrica, de este lugar partan las diferentes calles que desembocaban en las puertas del recinto amurallado. Adems de su condicin de centro religioso, era a su vez el centro poltico y social de Alcal. en la zona de la plaza de Abajo y la Picota se ubicaban las casas del Concejo.

Su origen se remonta al martirio de Justo y Pastor, acaecido en este lugar a comienzos del siglo IV, ya que la catedral se alza sobre el lugar en el que segn la tradicin fueron decapitados y sepultados los mrtires Justo y Pastor. Sobre anteriores edificaciones, a partir de 1497 se comienza a construir, en estilo gtico, el actual edificio por decisin del cardenal Cisneros, encargando la obra a los hermanos Antn y Enrique Egas , auxiliados por el complutense Pedro Gumiel. La Iglesia tiene dignidad de Catedral la reinstauracin de la dicesis Complutense en 1991. Destaca la torre renacentista diseada por Rodrigo Gil de Hontan. Magistral desde 1519 y Catedral desde 1991.

El claustro herreriano alberga un interesante Centro de Interpretacin, adems de la importante coleccin de lpidas de antiguos cannigos. Tambin conserva una reconstruccin, a partir de piezas originales, de la Puerta de Covarrubias del Palacio Arzobispal.

El Museo se ubica en las que fueron Antesala y Sala Capitular. Entre sus piezas destaca la valiosa coleccin de orfebrera, como el cliz de Cisneros, la reconstruccin del sepulcro gtico del arzobispo Carrillo de Acua o el trptico flamenco de la Adoracin de los Reyes Magos.

Tambin se puede visitar la torre que conserva una escalera interior de gran belleza y nos ofrece una espectacular panormica del centro histrico de la ciudad.

COSTANTINO, pajaran, Fis2, holmertz, ikeharel, jhm, sacimar has marked this note useful

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