Photographer's Note

Windmills have been around for at least 1,300 years. The first windmill had vertical shafts and were reportedly built in Persia around the 7th century AD. Made of six to twelve sails covered in fabric or palm leaves, they were used to grind corn and draw up water. A similar type of vertical shaft windmill can also be found in 13th century China.

In Europe, windmills were developed in the Middle Ages. The earliest mills were probably grinding mills. They were mounted on city walls and could not be turned into the wind. The earliest known examples date from early 12th century Paris. Because fixed mills did not suffice for regions with changing wind directions, mill types that could be turned into the wind were developed (like these ones).
Wikipedia.

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Additional Photos by Krystyna Zofia (krysia) Gold Star Critiquer/Silver Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 360 W: 27 N: 258] (4222)
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