Photographer's Note

The port of Rotterdam has a long history, stretching back into the 14th-century. As the city of Rotterdam has developed from a small town into a major harbour city, the port has expanded. In earlier centuries, docks were built on the banks of the Nieuwe Maas river. In the 19th century, connections between Rotterdam and the North Sea were poor, with a large estuary/delta area with many small waterways between them. Ships had to sail around the island of Voorne-Putten to go out to sea. This could take several days or even weeks. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, located in the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands. From 1962 until 2002 it was the world's busiest port, now overtaken by first Singapore and then Shanghai.

Covering 105 square kilometres (41 sq mi), the port of Rotterdam now stretches over a distance of 40 kilometres (25 mi). Over the years the port was further developed seaward by building new docks and harbour-basins. Rotterdam's harbour territory has been enlarged by the construction of the Europoort (gate to Europe) complex along the mouth of the Nieuwe Waterweg. In the 1970s the port was extended into the sea at the south side of the mouth of the Nieuwe Waterweg by completion of the Maasvlakte (Meuse-plain) which was built in the North Sea near Hoek van Holland. This part is what you see at this image.

In the past years the industrialised skyline has been changed by the addition of large numbers of wind turbines (at the left on the photo) taking advantage of the exposed coastal conditions. The construction of a second Maasvlakte received initial political approval in 2004, but was stopped by the Raad van State (the Dutch Council of State, which advises the government and parliament on legislation and governance) in 2005, because the plans did not take enough account of environmental issues. On October 10, 2006, however, approval was acquired to start construction in 2008, aiming for the first ship to anchor in 2013.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: kik ko (kiks) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1482 W: 160 N: 1682] (12805)
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  • Date Taken: 2012-11-18
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  • Camera: Panasonic Lumix TZ30
  • Exposure: f/5.8, 1/640
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  • Date Submitted: 2013-04-03 7:20
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