Photographer's Note

Armes, armoiries, blason, cu, cusson... Autant de mots qui semblent bien souvent rigoureusement interchangeables, et que de nombreuses personnes y compris certains historiens utilisent pour dsigner les mmes choses.

C'est une erreur ; chacun de ces termes ( l'exception des mots armes et armoiries, synonymes) recouvre une ralit hraldique diffrente.

Armes : En hraldique, synonyme d'armoiries ;

Armoiries : Ce sont des emblmes en couleur, propres une famille, une communaut ou, plus rarement, un individu, et soumis dans leur disposition et dans leur forme des rgles spciales, qui sont celles du blason ;

Blason : Ensemble des signes distinctifs et emblmes d'une famille noble, d'une collectivit ;

cusson : Petite figure en forme d'cu plac dans certaines armoiries ;

cu : L'cu est une surface dlimite, sur laquelle on place les armoiries. Il peut avoir des formes variables, la plus courante (mais non la seule) tant un triangle isocle, pointe en bas, et dont les deux cts gaux sont convexes. Cette dernire forme, elle-mme de proportions variables, est dite cu classique.


Source : Godefroy de Nancey

Traduction par notre ami Chris :

"Arms, coat of arms, blazon, shield, Crest... So many words that often seem rigorously interchangeable, and that many people including some historians use to refer to the same things. It is a mistake; Each of these terms (with the exception of the words Arms and arms, synonyms) covers a different heraldic reality. Weapons: In heraldry, synonymous with arms; Coat of arms: they are emblems in colour, peculiar to a family, a community or, more rarely, to an individual, and subject in their layout and form to special rules, which are those of the coat of arms; Blazon: All the distinctive signs and emblems of a noble family, of a community; Crest: Small figure in the form of a shield placed in certain coats of arms; ECU: The ECU is a demarcated surface, on which the coat of arms is placed. It can have variable shapes, the most common (but not the only one) being a isosceles triangle, pointing downwards, and whose two equal sides are convex. The latter form, itself of varying proportions, is known as the classical ECU."

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